As CPUs like the Core i9-13900 get more powerful and power-hungry, understanding the TDP of computer components becomes increasingly important. As seasoned PC builders, we have discovered that a CPU's TDP is a critical factor to consider when building a computer or upgrading your existing system. You can use the CPU's TDP to help determine which cooler and power supply are appropriate for your build. This can ensure optimal performance and stability while minimizing the risk of overheating.
We have analyzed the TDP of the 13900 CPU, which we discuss in this article. This analysis includes its TDP rating and comparisons with other CPU models. Additionally, we will provide recommendations for compatible CPU coolers, power supplies, and computer cases to meet the needs of the 13900 CPU's TDP.
The Core i9-13900 has a base TDP (PL1) of 65 watts and a max turbo TDP (PL2) of 219 watts.
This TDP means that the Core i9-13900 CPU will consume a maximum of 65 watts of power (PL1) at its E-core base frequency of 1.50 GHz and P-core base frequency of 2.00 GHz. The 13900 can reach 219 watts (PL2) when reaching the 5.20 GHz max turbo frequency.
The TDP of the Core i9-13900 processor can also be defined as PL1, which is the effective long-term expected steady-state power consumption of a processor. PL2 is a processor's short-term maximum power draw when the CPU runs at its maximum short-term speed (max turbo frequency).
Intel CPU specifications indicate this power dissipation number as "Processor Base Power" and "Maximum Turbo Power."
The following chart, which we created, compares the TDP ratings of the Intel Core i9-13900 with that of other popular CPUs on the market. This data can help determine CPU energy efficiency. It is worth noting that TDP is not a direct indicator of a CPU's average power consumption. Still, it can be a valuable metric to compare similar processors.TechReviewer TechReviewer
Thermal Design Power (TDP) is a unit expressed in watts that measures the amount of heat a cooling system, such as a heatsink or fan, needs to dissipate to avoid overheating. The base TDP indicates the power consumption of a CPU at its base frequency. The turbo boost TDP (PL2) is the power consumption at its maximum turbo boost frequencies. The power consumption is typically lower than the base TDP when not under a heavy load. Designing the system around the turbo boost TDP ensures that it operates within the specifications under the highest theoretical workload.
The importance of TDP in CPU performance is that it determines the cooler required for the CPU to operate correctly. If the CPU cooler is inadequate, the CPU will throttle its performance to prevent damage from overheating.
Factors that affect the TDP of CPUs like the Intel Core i9-13900 include the CPU's frequency, the number of cores, and the voltage required to run the CPU. Turbo boosting, overclocking, or underclocking can all affect the effective TDP of the CPU.
For system builders, understanding the TDP of a CPU, such as the Intel Core i9-13900, is critical in choosing the right CPU cooler. A CPU with a high TDP will require a more robust cooler, such as a liquid cooling system, to prevent overheating. On the other hand, a CPU with a low TDP may be adequately cooled by a simple air cooler. Read more about CPU coolers below, along with our recommended coolers.
In addition to choosing the right CPU cooler, system builders must choose a proper power supply (PSU). A power supply with a high enough wattage rating is necessary for the CPU's max power usage, which can be determined by the TDP, to operate correctly. Read more about power supplies below, along with our recommended PSUs.
From my personal experience as a system builder, I have observed the importance of proper airflow and case design. Ensuring adequate airflow and directing it effectively through a well-designed case are crucial for maintaining optimal CPU temperature. Adequate airflow is necessary to remove the heat generated by the CPU, while a well-designed case will ensure that the airflow is directed where it is needed most. Read more about PC cases below, along with our recommended PC cases.
When building a system with a CPU such as the Intel Core i9-13900, it's crucial to select a suitable power supply to ensure that the CPU operates correctly and stably. The power supply must provide sufficient power to the system components, including the CPU, without running out of power or causing system instability.
The TDP of the Core i9-13900 is an excellent way to determine the power supply's wattage requirement. The TDP indicates the CPU's power to draw under a heavy load at its max base speed. Too low of a wattage rating in a power supply can result in power throttling, which can cause the CPU to slow down, impacting performance. It's also important to note that the TDP only represents the CPU's power consumption, and other components, such as the graphics card, RAM, and storage devices, also require power.
The Core i9-13900 has a base TDP of 65 watts. When the Core i9-13900 is turbo boosting it can use up to 219 watts, which means that the power supply should be rated to deliver at least 219 watts to the CPU alone.
When selecting a power supply, it's also important to consider other factors such as efficiency, reliability, and noise level. A high-quality power supply with a high-efficiency rating will provide stable power, save energy, and reduce heat output. Having used various power supply options, I've experienced firsthand that utilizing a PSU with a high 80 PLUS efficiency rating can significantly reduce energy usage, heat production, and power costs, depending on your usage patterns. Choosing a reliable power supply from a reputable manufacturer can also ensure that the system runs smoothly for an extended period without any hardware issues.
To learn more about purchasing a power supply for your system with the 13900 CPU, check out our other article, Choosing the Best Power Supply for Intel's Core i9-13900 CPU.
Recommended 750-1650 Watt ATX 3.0 PSU for the 13900 CPU
Thermaltake Toughpower GF3 ATX 3.0
The Thermaltake Toughpower GF3 ATX 3.0 Power Supply on Amazon (affiliate link) is our recommended 750-1650 watt ATX 3.0 PSU.
We were impressed when we saw the efficiency rating of the Thermaltake Toughpower GF3 ATX 3.0. Its GOLD 80 PLUS efficiency rating ensures the power supply operates at peak efficiency, reducing energy waste and operating costs.
With support for the ATX 3.0 standard, the Toughpower GF3 is an excellent choice for anyone looking to upgrade to newer graphics cards, ensuring compatibility with the latest hardware releases.
The fully modular cabling on the Toughpower GF3 allows for easy customization and cable management, optimizing airflow and minimizing clutter in my build.
The ultra-quiet design of the Toughpower GF3 makes it an excellent choice for anyone looking for a power supply that won't add excess noise to their system, even under heavy workloads.
This series of power supplies comes in power outputs including 750, 850, 1000, 1200, 1350 and 1650 watts. Thermaltake Toughpower GF3 Series 80+ Gold Full Modular ATX 3.0 PCIe Gen 5 Power Supply Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link
Recommended 650–1000 Watt PSU for the 13900 CPU
Corsair SF Series PSU
The Corsair SF Series Power Supply on Amazon (affiliate link) is our recommended 650–1000 watt PSU.
The GOLD 80 PLUS efficiency rating of the Corsair SF Series PSUs impressed me when I saw it, as it ensures that the power supply operates at high efficiency and saves on energy costs.
With fully modular cabling, the Corsair SF Series PSU allows for easy customization and cable management, improving airflow and minimizing clutter in my build.
I appreciated the near-silent operation of the Corsair SF Series PSU during low usage, which provides a quiet and distraction-free computing experience.
This series of power supplies comes in power outputs including 650, 750, 850, and 1000 watts. EVGA SuperNOVA G5 Series Fully Modular Power Supply (220-G5-0650-X1) Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link
When it comes to choosing the best CPU cooler for the Intel Core i9-13900 CPU, it is essential to consider the TDP of the processor. TDP refers to the maximum heat a CPU generates under typical operating conditions. CPUs with a higher TDP tend to be more powerful and require a more robust CPU cooler to prevent overheating, thermal throttling, reduced system performance, and even permanent damage to the CPU.
Regarding cooling the Core i9-13900, there are two main types to choose from: air cooling and liquid cooling. Air cooling is the most common type and involves using a heatsink and fan to dissipate heat from the CPU. Air coolers come in various sizes and designs, with larger models typically offering better cooling performance. However, they can be noisy and bulky, which may concern some people.
On the other hand, liquid cooling involves circulating a liquid coolant through a series of pipes and a radiator to remove heat from the CPU. Liquid coolers are more expensive than air coolers but offer superior cooling performance and are generally quieter. Additionally, liquid coolers come in all-in-one (AIO) and custom loop configurations, making AIO models easier to install.
When selecting a CPU cooler for the Core i9-13900 CPU, choosing one with a high enough TDP rating to handle the processor's thermal output is essential. Ideally, the cooler should have a TDP rating equal to or greater than the CPU's turbo boost TDP (PL2). Additionally, it should be compatible with the motherboard's socket type and fit within the case dimensions.
For reference, the Core i9-13900 has a TDP of 65 watts and when turbo boosting it has a TDP of up to 219 watts.
To learn more about purchasing a CPU cooler for your system with the 13900 CPU, check out our other article, Choosing the Best CPU Cooler for Intel's Core i9-13900.
A CPU cooler that is compatible with the LGA 1700 socket will be required. Several manufacturers introduced upgrade kits to accommodate the LGA 1700 socket size that allows LGA 1200 coolers to be used. So be sure to verify that any cooler you choose is compatible with your CPU.
Best LGA 1700 AIO Liquid Coolers for the 13900 CPU
Enermax Liqmax III 360
I was very impressed with the cooling capability of the Enermax Liqmax III 360, which boasts an excellent 360-watt TDP (Thermal Design Power).
Supports a variety of CPU sockets, including Intel LGA 2066, 2011-3, 2011, 1700, 1200, 1366, 1156, 1155, 1151, 1150 and AMD AM4, AM3+, AM3, AM2+, AM2, FM2+, FM2, FM1.
I found that the Enermax Liqmax III 360 operates quietly and unobtrusively, with a noise level of just 14-27 dBA, making it a great choice for anyone who values a quiet computing environment.
You can get the LGA 1700 Enermax Mounting Kit for LIQMAX III on Amazon (affiliate link) or request a free LGA 1700 mounting kit via the LGA 1700 Mounting Kit Request Form.
If you are considering the Enermax Liqmax III 360, it's important to note that it will take up a decent amount of space in your computer case, so make sure to check the dimensions before purchasing.
The Enermax Liqmax III 360 has an impressive cooling capacity, providing efficient heat dissipation even under heavy workloads.
The quiet operation of the cooler made for a more comfortable and distraction-free computing experience. Enermax Liqmax III 360 Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link
Best LGA 1700 Dual-Fan Air CPU Coolers for the 13900 CPU
I found the dual 140 mm fans to be incredibly powerful, providing an impressive 220-watt TDP (183 NSPR) of cooling capability.
With support for such a diverse range of CPU sockets, I found the Noctua NH-D15 to be a very flexible and adaptable cooling solution. Its supported socket types include Intel LGA 1700, 1200, 1156, 1155, 1151, 1150, 2011, 2066 and AMD AM4, AM3, AM3+, AM2, AM2+, FM2, FM2+.
In my experience, the Noctua NH-D15 operates very quietly, with a noise level of just 24.6 dBA.
I am extremely satisfied with the Noctua NH-D15 cooler and would highly recommend it to anyone who is looking for a high-performance and versatile cooling solution. Noctua NH-D15, Premium CPU Cooler Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link
Thermaltake TOUGHAIR 510
As someone who isn't a big fan of flashy LED lights, I appreciated the simplicity of the Thermaltake TOUGHAIR 510, which doesn't have any fancy lights but still looks great in my system.
I found that the dual 120 mm fans on the TOUGHAIR 510 did an excellent job of keeping an LGA 1700 CPU cool, even under heavy workloads.
If you're worried about the TOUGHAIR 510 taking up too much space in your system, Thermaltake offers a few single-fan variants that use different orientations, so you can choose the one that works best for your setup.
With a max speed of 2000 RPM, the TOUGHAIR 510 provides optimal cooling performance when you need it most.
With a 180-watt TDP (Thermal Design Power), the TOUGHAIR 510 offers solid cooling performance and is a great choice for anyone looking for a reliable and efficient cooling solution for their CPU. Thermaltake TOUGHAIR 510 Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link
When selecting a computer case for a Intel Core i9-13900 CPU, it's important to consider the CPU's thermal design power (TDP), which indicates the amount of heat the CPU can generate under load. The higher the TDP of the CPU, the more heat it will produce, and the more crucial proper airflow becomes.
A computer case with good airflow is necessary to remove heat from the CPU and other components, such as the graphics card and power supply unit. This airflow can be achieved through various means, including the number and placement of case fans, the size and location of vents or mesh panels, and liquid coolers.
In addition to airflow, the case's design can also impact cooling performance. I've observed a significant improvement in my system's thermals by upgrading to a case with improved fan placement, larger vents, and efficient cable management. A well-designed case will ensure that the airflow is directed where needed most, such as over the CPU and other components. The case should also be spacious enough to accommodate large heatsinks or liquid cooling radiators if necessary and have cable management options to prevent clutter and improve airflow.
To learn more about purchasing a PC case for your system with the 13900 CPU, check out our other article, How to Choose the Best PC Case (2023).
Best Mid Tower Case for the 13900 CPU
Lian Li O11 Dynamic
As someone who values aesthetics in my computer builds, I appreciated the sleek look of the Lian Li O11 Dynamic, which features tempered glass on the front and side of the case.
In terms of motherboard compatibility, the O11 Dynamic supports a range of form factors, including E-ATX, ATX, and Micro-ATX, making it a versatile choice for many different builds.
I was impressed when I saw the ample storage options on the O11 Dynamic. This case can support up to six 2.5" SSDs or three 2.5" SSDs and three 3.5" HDDs, providing plenty of room for your storage needs.
With support for up to three 360 mm radiators, the O11 Dynamic offers excellent cooling potential, making it a great choice for high-performance builds that require efficient heat dissipation. Lian Li 011 Dynamic Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link
Best Full Tower Case for the 13900 CPU
Corsair 700D Airflow
Being someone who appreciates a clean and modern look in my builds, I appreciated the sleek design of the Corsair 700D Airflow, which features tempered glass on one side and a steel front panel grille.
The 700D Airflow supports the widely-used ATX form factor.
I was impressed by the cooling potential of the 700D Airflow, which can accommodate up to three 360 mm radiators. This means that even under heavy loads, my system stays cool and running smoothly.
Another standout feature of the 700D Airflow is its ability to support vertically mounting a graphics card. This is a great option for those who want to showcase their high-end GPU and add a unique touch to their build.
With support for up to ten 2.5" SSDs or four 2.5" SSDs and six 3.5" HDDs, the 700D Airflow provides plenty of storage options for my needs. This means that I don't have to worry about running out of space any time soon. Corsair 7000D Airflow Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link
- Motherboard: Choosing the Best Motherboard for Intel's Core i9-13900
- Chipset: Which Chipsets Work With Intel's Core i9-13900 CPU?
- Cooler: Choosing the Best CPU Cooler for Intel's Core i9-13900
- Power Supply: Choosing the Best Power Supply for Intel's Core i9-13900
- RAM: Best RAM for the Intel Core i9-13900 CPU
- TDP: What Is the TDP of the Core i9-13900 CPU?
- Gaming: Is the Core i9-13900 CPU Good for Gaming?
Want to brush up on other new technologies to consider when building a computer? Check out these articles:
- The Best CPUs for Gaming
- Which Intel and AMD CPUs Support PCIe 5.0?
- Which Intel and AMD CPUs Support PCIe 4.0?
- LGA 1700 CPU List
- LGA 1200 CPU List
- Look up an Intel or AMD CPU on TechReviewer for related recommendations:
- CPU Coolers:
- Graphics Cards:
- Power Supplies:
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