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Which Chipsets Work With AMD's Ryzen 5 5600X CPU?

Find out which retail desktop chipsets are compatible with AMD's Zen 3-based Ryzen 5 5600X processors.

Motherboard Timur Garifov / Unsplash

Last Updated: March 28, 2022

Written by Kevin Jones

In addition to discussing the chipsets that are compatible with AMD's Ryzen 5 5600X processor, this article will discuss Recommended Motherboards below. OEM-only chipsets that are not available on retail motherboards are outside the scope of this article.

Check another CPU:

Which Chipsets Are Compatible With the Ryzen 5 5600X Processor?

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For AMD's Zen 3-based Ryzen 5 5600X processor, you'll need a motherboard with an AM4 socket and a compatible chipset.

Motherboards for AMD processors are made with chipsets provided by AMD. Each chipset offers a unique set of capabilities. However, motherboards must explicitly support features and capabilities for you to use them. Verify that a motherboard supports the features and capabilities you desire.

Ryzen 5000-series CPUs, which includes the Ryzen 5 5600X, are compatible with all 400 and 500-series consumer chipsets. Supported chipsets include the X570, B550, A520, X470, and B450.

To use Ryzen 5000-series motherboards with the 400-series chipsets, you'll need an updated BIOS. You either need to purchase one with an updated BIOS or perform the update with an older supported CPU installed.

Products that ship with a compatible BIOS are typically marked as "Ready" for Zen 3 / Ryzen 5000 series / 4th Gen processors.

If you plan to update the BIOS, motherboards with the USB BIOS Flashback feature simplify this process; they do not require an installed compatible processor.

The older X370, B350, and A320 300-series chipsets are generally not compatible, out of the box, with Ryzen 5000-series CPUs. However, these 300-series chipsets may be supported by some motherboard manufacturers, when using a specific compatible BIOS.

The X570 is our recommended chipset for the Ryzen 5 5600X CPU, as it provides the most functionality and full support for PCIe 4.0. The Ryzen 5 5600X CPU also supports PCIe 4.0.

Only the X570 chipset provides PCIe 4.0 lanes via the chipset.

When using motherboards with the B550 chipset, you still have PCIe 4.0 lanes from the CPU for PCI-Express slots; however, all PCIe or M.2 slots connected via these chipsets will run at PCIe 3.0 speeds.

Learn more about PCIe versions below.

500-Series Chipsets

AMD 500-Series Desktop Chipsets
X570B550A520
Release Date July 2019 June 2020 August 2020
CPU Overclocking Yes Yes No
PCIe Slots via Processor
See Exceptions: MAX, 1, 2, 3
One x16 + One x4
at PCIe 4.0 speeds

or Two x8 + One x4
at PCIe 4.0 speeds
One x16 + One x4
at PCIe 4.0 speeds

or Two x8 + One x4
at PCIe 4.0 speeds
One x16 + One x4
at PCIe 3.0 speeds
PCIe Lanes via Chipset
See Exceptions: MAX
Up to 16 lanes at PCIe 4.0 speeds Up to 10 lanes at PCIe 3.0 speeds Up to 6 lanes at PCIe 3.0 speeds
USB 3.2 Gen 2x1 (10 Gbps) Up to 12 Up to 6 Up to 5
Total USB Up to 16 Up to 14 Up to 13
SATA 3.0 Ports Up to 14 Up to 8 Up to 6
RAID 0, 1, 10 0, 1, 10 0, 1, 10

MAX The maximum supported PCI-Express version for the Ryzen 5 5600X CPU is PCIe 4.0.

1 PCIe 4.0 requires a Zen 2 or newer processor.

2 "G" CPUs: One x8 + One x4 at PCIe 3.0 speeds.

3 A-Series CPUs: One x8 + One x2 at PCIe 3.0 speeds.

400-Series Chipsets

When using motherboards with a 400-series chipset, you will be limited to PCIe 3.0 lanes from the CPU for PCI-Express slots. All PCIe or M.2 slots connected via the 400-series chipsets will run at PCIe 2.0 speeds.

AMD 400-Series Desktop Chipsets
X470B450
Release Date March 2018 March 2018
CPU Overclocking Yes Yes
PCIe Slots via Processor
See Exceptions: MAX, 4.0
One x16 + One x4
or Two x8 + One x4
at PCIe 3.0 speeds
One x16 + One x4
at PCIe 3.0 speeds
PCIe Lanes via Chipset
See Exceptions: MAX
Up to 8 lanes at PCIe 2.0 speeds Up to 6 lanes at PCIe 2.0 speeds
USB 3.2 Gen 2x1 (10 Gbps) Up to 2 Up to 2
Total USB Up to 18 Up to 14
SATA 3.0 Ports Up to 10 Up to 6
RAID 0, 1, 10 0, 1, 10

MAX The maximum supported PCI-Express version for the Ryzen 5 5600X CPU is PCIe 4.0.

4.0 PCIe 4.0 speeds may be supported for CPU lanes on some motherboards, with a BIOS update and CPU that supports PCIe 4.0.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600X Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link

Comparison of PCIe Speeds

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PCI-Express speeds are based on the PCI-Express version and the number of lanes used. One lane is referred to as x1, two lanes as x2, etc. PCI-Express technically supports up to a width of x32. However, most consumer motherboards have some set of these PCIe widths: x1, x2, x4, x8, x16.

PCI-Express versions are backward compatible, meaning that you can use a PCIe 4.0 graphics card or storage device on a PCIe 3.0 or PCIe 2.0 system. However, PCI-Express will use speeds based on the lowest of the two versions for communication. For example, if you use a PCIe 3.0 NVMe SSD with a PCIe 4.0 system, the SSD would be running at PCIe 3.0 speeds.

Reducing the PCIe version would halve the max potential bandwidth. However, you may not experience a performance impact if your device is not using the available bandwidth.

PCI-Express Speeds (Rounded)
PCIe 2.0PCIe 3.0PCIe 4.0PCIe 5.0
x1 Bandwidth 500 MB/s 1 GB/s 2 GB/s 4 GB/s
x2 Bandwidth 1000 MB/s 2 GB/s 4 GB/s 8 GB/s
x4 Bandwidth 2 GB/s 4 GB/s 8 GB/s 16 GB/s
x8 Bandwidth 4 GB/s 8 GB/s 16 GB/s 32 GB/s
x16 Bandwidth 8 GB/s 16 GB/s 32 GB/s 63 GB/s

The bandwidth for each PCIe 4.0 lane is 2 GB/s. 2 GB/s per lane means that if you use a PCI-Express 4.0 x16 device, it would have up to 32 GB/s of bandwidth available to it.

NVMe M.2 SSD cards use 2 or 4 lanes, which means they have 4–8 GB/s available to them with PCIe 4.0.

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Best Value Motherboard: ASUS TUF Gaming X570-Plus (Wi-Fi)

Best Feature Motherboard: MSI MAG X570 TOMAHAWK WIFI

  • Our recommended feature-rich motherboard to pair with the Ryzen 5 5600X is MSI's MAG X570 TOMAHAWK WIFI Motherboard: MSI MAG X570 TOMAHAWK WIFI MSI MAG X570 TOMAHAWK WIFI Check Price on Amazon Amazon Affiliate Link
    • PCIe 4.0 support
    • One 2.5 Gb Ethernet port is faster than most Internet speeds, with room to spare for file transfers.
    • Two NVMe M.2 slots both run at PCIe 4.0 speeds.
    • Wi-Fi 6 provides great Wi-Fi speeds (not Wi-Fi 6E, but still really good).
    • USB 3.2 Gen 2 offers 10 Gbps USB speeds.
    • Check the latest price of the MSI MAG X570 TOMAHAWK WIFI Motherboard on Amazon (affiliate link).

Learn More About the AMD Ryzen 5 5600X

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Other Considerations When Building a PC

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